Zanzibar, TANZANIA

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In Zanzibar, as a result of the spatial segregation of the old town and the new centre of the city, the continuity of the cultural and spatial cohesion has been disrupted. The HUL approach introduced various planning tools, from inventories to local area plans, in order to include culture as an actuator in the sustainable development of the city and to create community awareness.


593,678 Zanzibar City; 12,000 Stone Town


The city of Zanzibar: 295 km²; The city centre: 238 ha; and Stone Town: 98 ha


Disconnection between World Heritage property and broader urban area

Population growth

Uncontrolled development in the buffer zone

Lack of proper guidelines


October 2015 – June 2016


Zanzibar Stone Town Conservation Plan Rev 31, June 1994

Zanzibar Government. Antiquities Act – revised 2010

Zanzibar Government. 2010. Ministry of Water, Construction, Energy and Lands, Department of Lands and Registration. Land Lease Agreement for development as per site plan 1050/2010 [pertaining to a Hotel Development at Mambo Msiige].


Urban and Rural Planning, Zanzibar [leading partner]

Department of Urban and Rural Planning, Government of Zanzibar

Stone Town Conservation and Development Authority

Zanzibar Municipal Council

City of Amsterdam



Flemish Fund-in-Trust


[2008] Zanzibar Stone Town Management Plan for the World Heritage Site has been prepared by Saad Yahya and Associates

[2009]  Zanzibar Recommendations on the Application of the Concept of the Historic Urban Landscape in the African Context Zanzibar

[2011-2012] Historic Urban Landscape workshops and field activities on the Swahili coast in East Africa

[2014] Zanzibar open spaces- Design workshop

[2014] Public Meeting “Ng’ambo: this is what we want!” was organised by the TOS research team 

[2015] The new Master Plan of Zanzibar town released


law-book1 International Expert Workshop & Stakeholder Conference

law-book1 Using Heritage Impact Assessment as Tool in the Historic Urban Landscape Approach: The Case of the Mambo Msiige in Zanzibar’s Stone Town

settings Ng’ambo: tuitakayo

settings Stone Town of Zanzibar– UNESCO

open-magazine The HUL Guidebook: A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape (2016) 


Muhammad Juma

Karel Anthonie Bakker

Dave ten Hoope

Bastiaan Moor

Yvonne Vroomen

Ana Pereira Roders

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