Willemstad, Curaçao


In order to protect the cultural heritage attributes and values of Willemstad, the HUL approach was used to support the improvement of zoning regulations by examining the official documents from nomination to protection stages.


158986 (January 1st, 2016)


117 km²


Deterioration due to natural causes; development pressure; policy gap in conservation regulations; lack of maintenance and flawed restoration/renovation works




The monument preservation in Curaçao is applied within three main fields and by their respective institutions and organisations. These fields and the authorities in charge are:

Monument Development Policy; Monuments Council, Monuments Bureau

Co-ordination and Financing; (former) Urban Redevelopment Secretariat, Department  of Urban Planning, Monuments Fund Foundation

Implementation; Willemstad Urban Rehabilitation Corporation, Curaçao Housing Foundation, Curaçao Monuments Foundation, Private owners of monuments


Eindhoven University of Technology

Government of Curaçao

UNESCO World Heritage Committee

ICOMOS International


[1997] Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour was inscribed on the World Heritage List

[2006] The periodic report of ICOMOS referenced several threats that were affecting its state of conservation

[2010] Enhancing the Outstanding Universal Value assessment practices of Willemstad was published in Heritage and Sustainable Development (Volume 1) after the local government partnered in the international research “Outstanding Universal Value, World Heritage cities and Sustainability”

[2011] Presentation in the 6th International Seminar on Urban Conservation in Pernambuco, Brazil

[2011] Master thesis by Aster H. Speckens. Revising world heritage Willemstad : enhancing outstanding universal value assesment practices

[2012] Result of the survey and its following research, Outstanding Universal Value vs. Zoning Regulations in Willemstad.


Outstanding universal value vs zoning regulations : Willemstad as case-study

ICOMOS Technical Review on the State of Conservation of the WH Property “Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Curaçao” (C 819), Kingdom of Netherlands

 State of Conservation (2006) of World Heritage Site Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Netherlands Antilles

 Outstanding Universal Value, World Heritage cities and Sustainability

  Monuments of Curaçao WHS Website

 Speckens, A. H., Pereira Roders, A. R., & Gonzalez-Manuel, C. (2010). Enhancing the Outstanding Universal Value assessment practices of Willemstad. In R. Amoêda, S. Lira, & C. Pinheiro (Eds.), Heritage 2010, Heritage and Sustainable Development (Volume 1), Evora, Portugal, June 2010 (pp. 271-281). Barcelos: Greenlines Institute for the Sustainable Developement

 Pereira Roders, A.R. & Oers, van, R. (2010). Outstanding universal value, world heritage cities and sustainability : mapping assessment processes. In M.T. Albert (Ed.), World Heritage and Cultural Diversity (pp. 225-236). (World Heritage Studies, No. 4). German Commission for UNESCO.


Aster Speckens

Caroline Gonzalez-Manuel

Ana Pereira Roders

Bernard Colenbrander